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SECURITY SECTOR REFORM IN BURMA/MYANMAR  

Last Updated: Dec 15, 2014 URL: http://peaceanddialogueplatform.libguides.com/content.php?pid=581450 Print Guide Email Alerts

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Selth, Andrew. "Police Reform in Burma (Myanmar): Aims, Obstacles and Outcomes." International Relations and Security Network (2013).
Summary: "As part of Burma's political reform process, the government envisages an expanded role for the country's civilian police force. While the armed forces will continue to be responsible for high-intensity operations, Naypyidaw's civilian police are likely to be charged with a wider range of public order roles, including riot control." [International Relations and Security Network]
Selth, Andrew. Myanmar's Police Forces: Coercion, Continuity and Change. Contemporary Southeast Asia: A Journal of International and Strategic Affairs, V.34, pp. 53-79 (2012). 
Summary: "This article sketches the historical development of the police as an institution from the beginning of the colonial period to the present day. It then outlines the current structure and organization of the Myanmar Police Force (MPF). This is followed by a discussion of eight broad themes that have characterized policing in Myanmar over the past 185 years. Finally, the article looks at some of the challenges facing the MPF and its likely future under the new government." [Author]
Selth, Andrew: "Burma's Police Forces: Continuities and Contradictions," Griffith Asia Institute (2011).

Summary: "Over the past 50 years, the armed forces have taken the lead in crushing domestic protests and waging counterinsurgency campaigns against a wide range of armed groups. There is another institution, however, that was once even more important and, arguably, is starting to recover its former place in Burma’s internal affairs. This is the country’s national police force." [Author]

Andrew Selth, Burma's Security Forces: Performing, Performance or Transforming? Regional Outlook Paper: No. 45, 2013, 1-41 (2013)

Summary: "Since President Thein Sein’s reformist government was inaugurated in March 2011, the Tatmadaw, the Myanmar Police Force (MPF) and the country’s intelligence communityhave adapted to the changing political landscape. Indeed, many observers have been surprised at the way in which these feared institutions, long considered the last bastions of conservatism in Burma, seem to have accepted the transition from direct military rule to what the 2008 constitution describes as a ‘genuine, disciplined multi-party democratic system’. Even so, questions continue to arise over the extent to which they have genuinely embraced change and sought to reinvent themselves. While much has changed in Burma’s security sector, much has remained the same. This has helped activists and human rights campaigners justify their continuing campaigns against Naypyidaw and to claim that President Thein Sein’s ambitious reforms are only skin deep." (Author)

 

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