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FEDERALISM   Tags: decentralization  

Last Updated: Jul 28, 2016 URL: Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

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Rao, Govinda. "Dynamics of Indian Federalism," Center for Research on Economic Development and Policy Reform, Stanford University (2002).
Summary: "The transition from plan to market based development since 1991 has envisaged greater role for sub-national governments in providing physical and social infrastructure and creating accommodating investment climate. This paper examines whether the federal policies and institutions evolved over the years have been flexible enough to adjust to the changing requirements." [Author]


K.S. Jomo and Wee Chong Hui. "The Political Economy of Malaysian Federalism: Economic Development, Public Policy and Conflict Containment," United Nations University (2002).
Summary: "The advance of fiscal centralization has aggravated federal-state tensions, which have been relatively ignored due to the long-standing Malaysian pre-occupation with inter-ethnic tensions. Inter-regional resource transfers and central fiscal and political dominance have been used to undermine the more independent State Governments, especially those held by opposition parties." [Author]


Khalid, Iram. "Politics of Federalism in Pakistan: Problems and Prospects," South Asian Studies (2013).
Summary: "This paper examines the history and constitutional development regarding federalism in Pakistan. The paper concludes by suggesting some policy measures to improve federalism in Pakistan. Relatively decentralized and inclusive governance is more likely to enable Pakistani federation to accommodate interests, identities and working of institutions." [Author]

Sri Lanka

Raghavan, V. R. and Volker Bauer, Federalism and Conflict Resolution in Sri Lanka, Centre for Security Analysis, 2006.[Google Books]
About:  Efforts over the period to resolve the politico-ethnic problem in Sri Lanka has not made much headway. It has been felt that the unitary system has not delivered. Federalism was not a preferred subject of discussion even in the recent past. It was an anathema to some, foreign to some others and allergic to many.The agreement reached in Oslo in December 2002 has brought back the subject of federalism to find a political solution.


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