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FEDERALISM IN BURMA/MYANMAR  

Last Updated: Jul 28, 2016 URL: http://peaceanddialogueplatform.libguides.com/content.php?pid=504847 Print Guide Email Alerts

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Research Papers

Sakhong, Lian H. "The Dynamics of Sixty Years of Ethnic Armed Conflictin Burma," Burma Centre for Ethnic Studies, Peace and Reconciliation (2012).

Summary: "This paper argues that the constitutional crisis and the implementation of the “nation building’ process with the notation of “one religion, one language, and one ethnicity” are the root causes of internal conflict and civil war in Burma." [Author]
Silverstein, Josef. "Federalism as a Solution to the Ethnic Problem in Burma," Burma Lawyers Council (2002).
Summary: "From January 4, 1948, the day the Union of Burma came into existence as an independent nation, the people and their leaders have been divided over how to achieve national unity and structure their state. Until 1988, it was federal in name and theory, but unitary in practice. After five decades of political discussion, peaceful movements for secession or autonomy and warfare, the majority Burmans and most of the ethnic minorities remain disunited." [Author]
Win, Khin Maung. "Federalism in Burma." Burma Lawyers' Council (2001).
Summary: "Despite the fact that Burma has a highly centralized unitary government system, the issue of federalism has been a major source of debate for decades. Ever since the formation of the independence movement, the various ethnic groups in Burma have wanted to transform the country into a federal union based on equality. The Panglong Agreement provided the basic foundation for this, but post-independence Burma did not become a federal union in spite of the urgent need for this." [Author]
Yawnghwe, Chao Tzang. "State Constitutions, Federalism and Ethnic- Self Determination," Ethnic Nationalities Council (2013).
Summary: The Union of Burma is a multi-ethnic, multi-cultural “nation-state”, which was founded on the basis of the 1947 Panglong Accord.  The aspiration of the signers of the Accord was to jointly gain independence from the British, and to establish a Union of equal and co-independent states, i.e., with no nationalities or state being subordinated to any other state within the Union. [Author]

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