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FEDERALISM IN BURMA/MYANMAR  

Last Updated: Jul 28, 2016 URL: http://peaceanddialogueplatform.libguides.com/content.php?pid=504847 Print Guide Email Alerts

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Research Papers

Talbott, Kirk, John Waugh and Douglas Batson. "Sharing the Wealth: Burma's Post- Military Rule and Natural Ressource Governance," Small Wars Journal (2012).
Summary: "Fifty years of military rule, internal conflict, and resource plunder in Burma mainland Southeast Asia’s largest nation, may be coming to an end. Most ethnic minority armies have signed ceasefire agreements, and the ruling generals have begun to loosen their authoritarian grip on power.  But deep-rooted collusion persists between Burma’s leadership, their business partners, and foreign interests in the exploitation of Burma’s natural resources." [Publisher]
Yawnghwe, Chao-Tzang. "Putting Burma Back Together Again," Burma Lawyers Council (2002).
Summary: "This paper deals with the absence or the non-existence of a functional relation between the state in Burma and broader society which is also made up of non-Burman 1 ethnic segments that inhabit the historical-territorial units comprising the Union of Burma." [Author]
Dapice, David and Thomas Valley,  "Against the odds: Building a Coalition, Using a New Federalism for Unity and Progress in Myanmar," Ash Centre for Democratic Governance and Innovation, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University (2013).
Summary: This paper outlines an approach which builds upon field trips to the Kachin, Karen, Mon and Shan states and conversations with representatives of the UNFC in Chiang Mai, Thailand. The paper uses the framework developed in “Why Nations Fail”, a recent book on economic and political development and also refers to the idea of “illiberal democracy” articulated by Fareed Zakaria. The basic idea is that a broad coalition of the incumbent party, the democratic opposition, ethnic groups and the military is needed to fundamentally change Myanmar’s past failed orientation. This broad coalition should work for a new federalism in which states (at a minimum) have fairly elected governors and meaningful revenue sources so they can run many of their own affairs. This idea for this approach grew out of work on Kachin hydropower resource-sharing. The concept of relying on broad coalitions can be extended to the stewardship of other natural resources and to questions of governance as well.

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