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Joint Statements


KNU and RCSS. Joint Statement, July 17, 2013.

Parties: Karen National Union (KNU), Restoration Council of the Shan State (RCSS)

Purpose: To respond to the Government's announcement to invite ethnic armed groups to Naypyitaw to sign a nation-wide ceasefire.

Main Agreements:

UNFC and Government of Myanmar. Joint Statement, Chiang Mai, Thailand, February 20, 2013.

Parties: United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC), Government of Myanmar

Purpose: To discuss political objectives, framework, timeframe, drafting agenda and venue for political dialogue, the presence and role of mediators, monitors, and observers in the meetings, as well as the six-point ethnic nationalities peace plan.

Main Agreements: The parties agreed on mechanisms to secure local and international support for humanitarian assistance, education, health, agricultural and livestock sectors during the preparatory period and political dialogue for areas where member organizations of the UNFC are located. Both delegations discussed holding meetings between respective technical teams. Both delegations also agreed to hold a follow up meeting within two months.

KIO and Government of Myanmar. Joint Statement, Ruili (Shwe Li), People’s Republic of China, February 4, 2013. 

Parties: Kachin Independence Organization (KIO), Government of Myanmar

Purpose: To discuss communications channels, the reduction of military tensions, and preparations for the next meeting.

Main Agreements: It was agreed that for the next meeting the KIO will consult with the United Nationalities Federal Council, and the KIO and the Government of Myanmar will meet again towards the end of February to continue the political dialogue. The Government and the KIO agreed to continue discussions on (ceasefire) monitors to ensure that a peace settlement can be sustained.

 

Books/Handbooks

Oo, Zaw Oo and Win Min. Assessing Burma's Ceasefire Accords. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2007. 
About: "This book investigates the underlying factors of the secretive agreements, and identifies the consequences affecting stakeholders in the larger context of peacebuilding, political settlement, democratization, and the state-building process. It concludes that recent ceasefires present a significant first step in solving the sixty-year old civil war. However after more than 17 years, they have not brought about peace of political settlement." [Amazon]
 

Research Papers

Core, Paul. "Burma/ Myanmar: Challenges of a Ceasefire Accord in Karen State," Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs, 28 (2009): 95-105.

Summary: "This paper seeks to provide some insights into a ceasefire group, to analyse the failures and successes of the ceasefire accord, and to outline future challenges to the country." [Author]

Karen Human Rights Group. "Steps Towards Peace: Local Participation in the Karen Ceasefire Process," Ceasefire Commentary (2012).

Summary: "This paper considers Karen villagers’ perspectives on impacts of the ceasefire between the Karen National Union (KNU) and the Government of the Union of Myanmar. It makes workable recommendations about what the most effective next steps could be for negotiating parties and for stakeholders in the ceasefire process." [Author]

Keenan, Paul. "Burma's Ethnic Ceasefire Agreements," Burma Centre for Ethnic Studies Briefing Paper 1 (2012).
Summary: This paper reviews previous ceasefire agreements and the negotions and ceasefire process of the Restoration Council of Shan State/Shan State Army - South, the Chin National Front and the Karen National Union.
Kramer, Tom. "Neither War Nor Peace: The Future of the Ceasefire Agreements in Burma,"Transnational Institute (2009).
Summary: "This paper explains how the ceasefire agreements came about, and analyses the goals and strategies of the ceasefire groups. It also discusses the weaknesses the groups face in implementing these goals, and the positive and negative
consequences of the ceasefires, including their effect on the economy." [Author]
 

Relevant Websites

Euro-Burma Office
About: The Euro-Burma Office (EBO) was established in Brussels in 1997 to promote the development of democracy in Burma. The work of the EBO is: To help the Burmese democracy movement prepare for a transition to democracy; To keep the international community informed about the situation in Burma.
Karen Peace Support Team
About: The Karen Peace Support Team is a Civil Society Network of individuals and organizations who has concerns and willing to support peace process in Myanmar. It was formed on 08 April, 2012 in Yangon with Karen patrons, religious leaders and Karen organizations who would like to work together for support the peace negotiation process between government and Karen National Union ( KNU).

Myanmar Peace Monitor
About: Myanmar Peace Monitor is a project run by the Burma News International that works to support communication and understanding in the current efforts for peace and reconciliation in Myanmar. It aims to centralize information, track and make sense of the many events and stakeholders involved in the complex and multifaceted peace process.

Myanmar Peace Center

About: The Government of Myanmar opened the Myanmar Peace Center (MPC) in Yangon as part of an agreement with the Norway-led Peace Support Donor Group. It was established to assist the Union Peace-making Central Committee and the Union Peace-making Work Committee for the peace process.

Myanmar Peace Support Initiative
About: The Myanmar Peace Support Initiative is a Norwegian-led international initiative to support the ceasefires in Myanmar through humanitarian and development assistance. In parallel with the continued political efforts, it provides communities in the ceasefire areas with the needed assistance in order to recover from conflict and build momentum for peace on the ground. Norway is not involved in the ceasefire-negotiations or peace-negotiations. 
Union Level Peace Team
About: The Union-Level Peace Team (reformed 3 May 2012 - Decree 12/2012) is made up of a central committee for making policies and a working committee for implementing policies associated with ceasefire negotiations. The central committee (UPCC) is chaired by President Thein Sein, while the working committee (UPWC) is chaired by the Vice President Sai Mauk Kham. 

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