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Steinberg, David I.  and Hongwei Fan. Modern China-Myanmar Relations: Dilemmas of Mutual Dependence. Copenhagen: Nordic Institute of Asian Studies, 2012.

About: "This volume examines the changing relations between China and Burma/Myanmar since Burmese independence in 1948 and the formation of the People's Republic of China in 1949. Drawing on hitherto unavailable Chinese sources, it documents the negotiations and settlement of outstanding issues such as the border demarcation, the Chinese Nationalist forces in Burma, the status of the overseas Chinese residents, and the Burma Communist Party." [Amazon]


Maung Aung Myoe. In the Name of Pauk- Phaw: Myanmar's China Policy Since 1948. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2011. [Google Books]

About: "Since its independence in January 1948, Myanmar has tried to find a way to deal with (at one time) ideologically hostile and traditionally chauvinistic China which has pursued a foreign policy aimed at restoring its perceived influence in Myanmar. To counter China’s attempts to influence Myanmar's foreign policy options has always been a challenge for the Myanmar government."  [International Convention of Asia Scholars]



Research Papers

Sun, Yun. "China's Intervention in the Myanmar- Kachin Peace Talks," East-West Center Asia Pacific Bulletin 200 (2013).
Summary: "China has acted as a mediator between the Myanmar central government and the Kachin Independence Organization, a group which has clashed with the central government in 2011 and 2012. China has previously been offered the role of mediator in Myanmar but this is the first time China has accepted such a role." [International Relations and Security Network]
Dapice, David. "China and Yunnan Economic Relations with Myanmar and the Kachin State: Powering the Peace Process," Havard Kennedy School: ASH Center for Democratic Governance and Innovation (2012).             
Summary: "China’s 'one nation, two oceans' policy and Yunnan’s 'Bridgehead' strategy envisioned Myanmar providing access to the sea via gas and oil pipelines, deep sea ports, naval docking facilities and transport for Yunnan. Deals were signed under General Than Shwe without popular review or consultation with the Kachin whose state had most of the hydroelectric sites." [Author]
Sun, Yun. "China and the Changing Myanmar," Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs (2012).
Summary: "Since the beginning of the reform, the changes in Myanmar have taken tolls in a series of China’s existing interests inside the country. Economically, Chinese investments have come under increasing scrutiny, criticism, and even oppositions, threatening the viability of strategic projects such as the oil and gas pipelines. Politically, the initial success of the democratic reform in Myanmar raises questions about Beijing’s continuous resistance to reform." [Author]




China’s Myanmar Strategy: Elections, Ethnic Politics and Economics. Asia Briefing No.112. Brussels: International Crisis Group, 2010.

Purpose: Insight on the politics of the influence of China in Myanmar's strategic decisions.

Content: "China and Myanmar are bound by geography, economics and politics in a dependent but asymmetrical relationship. While China sees problems with the status quo, its preferred solution to the long-term standoff between Naypyidaw and many country’s ethnic groups is gradual policy adjustment by a strong central government, not federalism or liberal democracy and certainly not regime change." [Author]


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