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This is the "Peace Process" page of the "BURMA/MYANMAR" guide.
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Suu Kyi, Aung San. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1991." Speech, Oslo, Norway, June 16, 2012.

Purpose: Acceptance of Nobel Peace Prize.

Main Issues: Aung San Suu Kyi talks about the Burmese concept of peace and how the Prize has helped to draw attention to the struggle for human rights and democracy in Burma.




Ethnic Nationalities. "The Six­ Point Political Program of the Ethnic Nationalities Regarding the Peace Process." Joint Statement, September 21, 2012.

Parties: Ethnic Nationalities

Purpose: Preparation of a political program regarding the peace process.

Main Issues: The Ethnic Nationalities agree to the following: Hold consultations between representatives of the Union Government and  ethnic  armed  revolutionary  groups to agree on a  framework  for  political  dialogue; Hold  a  nationwide  “Ethnic Nationalities’ Conference;” Hold a Union Convention based on the Panglong spirit; Implement  “The  Union  Accord  on  Ethnic  Nationalities.”

Ethnic Nationalities Council. Joint Statement, September 12, 2012.

Parties: Ethnic Nationalities Council

Purpose: Ethnic Nationalities Council’s 3rd Annual Meeting, September 11-12, 2012.

Main Issues: The Ethnic Nationalities Council (ENC) welcomes the ceasefire agreements to pave the way for a political dialogue. ENC calls on the Army to stop the fighting in Kachin territory. If the fighting  continues, the ENC calls on the revolutionary armed ethnic nationalities groups to suspend their current engagement with the Government. 

Ethnic Nationalities. "Statement of Ethnic Nationalities 2012 Conference." Joint Statement, September 16, 2012.

Parties: Ethnic Nationalities

Purpose: Ethnic Nationalities Conference, September 14 -16, 2012.

Main Issues: The Ethnic Nationalities Conference has to lay down the 6-Point Ethnic Nationalities' Political Processrelating to peace. The Conference agrees to: Affirm the 3-stage peace plan of the ethnic nationalities;  Affirm the 6-stage road map for the implementation of that plan.; Laying down programs to continue organizing workshops on the different foundational pillars necessary for a federal union.

Nationalities Brotherhood Forum. "9th Position Statement." April 7, 2012.

Parties: Nationalities Brotherhood Forum (NBF)

Purpose: Pledge to work towards the emergence of genuine federalism in line with democratic means and principles.

Main Issues: NBF considers any system of government that dismisses the rights of minorities to be a bully and a system that lacks basic democratic norms. NBF opposes any attempts to subjugate the ethnic nationalities by trying to dismantle and undermine their spirit and unity.



Deciphering Myanmar's Peace Process: A Reference Guide. Chiang Mai: Burma News International, 2013.
About: This book is a compilation of information to date about the peace process in Myanmar from BNI’s member organizations and various other groups. The information contained in this book is based on interviews, research and observations about the conditions that prevailed following the 2010 election period.

Research Papers

Burma Centre for Ethnic Studies. "Allied in War, Divided in Peace: The Future of Ethnic Unity in Burma," Briefing Paper 12 (2013).

Summary: While all armed ethnic groups have participated in the Working Group on Ethnic Coordination (WGEC) meetings and generally agree with United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC)  policy, many are unwilling to risk their own separate peace agreements in the name of ethnic unity. This paper analyzes the the division within the armed ethnic resistance movement and and provides background information on armed ethnic alliances in Burma.

Euro-Burma Office. "Myanmar Peace Process," EBO Briefing Paper 1 (2013).
Summary: The current Myanmar Peace Process is both quite unprecedented and spectacular. Thirteen ceasefire agreements were signed within a period of a year – a remarkable achievement. It is also the first time in fifty years that any Government of Myanmar has seriously attempted to resolve the ethnic problem that has plagued the nation since independence in 1948. 
Euro-Burma Office. "An Uneasy Peace," EBO Briefing Paper 3 (2012).
Summary: This paper examines the the problems of conflict encountered during the peace process.
Euro-Burma Office. "The Challenges of Ethnic Politics and Negotiated Settlement: From Ceasefire to Political Dialogue," EBO Analysis Paper 2 (2012).
Summary: This paper analyzes the challenges of ethnic politics and negotiated settlement such as: Self-determination and constitutional rights; Basic principles for a future federal union of Burma; Ending of ethnic armed conflicts. It also draws lessons from the Frontier Areas Committee of Enquiry and the case fo the Chin for the current peace process.


Displacement Solutions. Bridging the HLP Gap: The Need to Effectively Address Housing, Land and Property Rights During Peace Negotiations and in the Context of Refugee/IDP Return. Geneva: Displacement Solutions, 2013.

Purpose: Preliminary recommendations to the Government of Myanmar, ethnic actors and the international community.

Content: Of the many challenging issues that will require resolution within the peace processes few will be as complex, sensitive and yet vital than the issues comprising housing, land and property (HLP) rights. Viewed in terms of the rights of the sizable internally displaced person and refugee populations who will be affected by the eventual peace agreements, HLP rights will need to form a key part of all of the ongoing moves to secure a sustainable peace.

A Tentative Peace in Myanmar’s Kachin Conflict. Brussels: International Crisis Group, 2013.

Purpose: Assess the peace process underway in the Kachin State.

Content: On 30 May 2013, the Kachin Independence Organisation signed a tentative peace agreement with the Myanmar government – the last of the eleven major ethnic armed groups to do so since 2011. This represents a major opportunity to secure lasting peace in Kachin State, and in the country as a whole. Key issues still need to be discussed and agreed, including the repositioning of troops from both sides to reduce the chance of clashes, a monitoring mechanism, and a meaningful political dialogue. 

Myanmar: Storm Clouds on the Horizon. Brussels: International Crisis Group, 2012.

Purpose: Examine the transition to peace.

Content: This report tracks the broad changes that have continued to move the country away from authoritarianism despite the recent and serious backward step of intercommunal violence between Buddhists and Muslims in the west of the country.


Relevant Websites

ASEAN Inter-Parliamentary Myanmar Caucus (AIPMC)

About: The ASEAN Inter-Parliamentary Myanmar Caucus is a non-profit organization comprised of regional lawmakers from both ruling and non-ruling political parties representing national parliaments in Southeast Asia that are collectively committed to promoting human rights, peace and reconciliation in Burma.

Myanmar Peace Monitor

About: Myanmar Peace Monitor is a project run by the Burma News International that works to support communication and understanding in the current efforts for peace and reconciliation in Myanmar. It aims to centralize information, track and make sense of the many events and stakeholders involved in the complex and multifaceted peace process.

Insight On Conflict

About: Insight on Conflict provides information on local peacebuilding organisations in areas of conflict.



101 East: Myanmar's Fragile Peace. Directed by AlJazeeraEnglish. Qatar: Aljazeera.
About: 101 East  takes a rare look into Myanmar's forgotten corners, and follows the country's leaders as they navigate a fragile path to peace.


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