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This is the "International Agreements" page of the "BURMA/MYANMAR" guide.
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International Agreements Print Page
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International Humanitarian Law

Geneva Convention (I) for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field, 75 U.N.T.S. 31, entered into force Oct. 21, 1950.

Parties: 195 states

Purpose: To apply in all cases of declared war or of any other armed conflict or partial or total occupation.

Main Agreements: This Convention provides protection for wounded and sick soldiers; medical personnel, facilities, and equipment; wounded and sick civilian support personnel accompanying the armed forces; military chaplains; civilians who spontaneously take up arms to repel an invasion. The wounded and sick shall: Be respected and protected without discrimination; Not be murdered, exterminated, or subjected to torture or biological experiments; Receive adequate care; Be protected against pillage and ill- treatment. 

Geneva Convention (II) for the Amelioration of the Condition of Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea, 75 U.N.T.S. 85, entered into force Oct. 21, 1950.

Parties: 195 states

Purpose: To apply in all cases of declared war or of any other armed conflict or partial or total occupation.

Main Agreements: This Convention protects wounded and sick combatants while on board ship or at sea. It applies to armed forces members who are wounded, sick, or shipwrecked; Hospital ships and medical personnel; Civilians who accompany the armed forces. It mandates that parties in battle take all possible measures to search for, collect, and care for the wounded, sick, and shipwrecked.


Geneva Convention (III) Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War,75 U.N.T.S. 135, entered into force Oct. 21, 1950.

Parties: 195 states

Purpose: To apply in all cases of declared war or of any other armed conflict or partial or total occupation.

Main Agreements: This Convention requires that prisoners of war be treated humanely, adequately housed, and receive sufficient food, clothing, and medical care. Its provisions also establish guidelines on labor, discipline, recreation, and criminal trial. Prisoners of war may include: Members of the armed forces; Volunteer militia, including resistance movements; Civilians accompanying the armed forces. The Convention establishes the principle that prisoners of war shall be released and repatriated without delay after the cessation of active hostilities.

Geneva Convention (IV) Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, 75 U.N.T.S. 287, entered into force Oct. 21, 1950.

Parties: 195 states

Purpose: To apply in all cases of declared war or of any other armed conflict or partial or total occupation.

Main Agreements: This Convention deals with the status and treatment of civilians, distinguishing between the situation of foreigners on the territory of one of the parties to the conflict and that of civilians in occupied territory. It spells out the obligations of the Occupying Power vis-à-vis the civilian population and contains detailed provisions on humanitarian relief for populations in occupied territory. It also contains a specific regime for the treatment of civilian internees. 

 

International Human Rights Law

Convention on the Rights of the Child, G.A. res. 44/25, U.N. Doc. A/RES/44/25 (1989), entered into force Sep. 2, 1990.

Parties: 193 states

Purpose: To protect children's rights and ensure their well-being.

Main Agreements: This Convention recognizes the human rights of children, defined as persons up to the age of 18 years. States parties must ensure that all children benefit from special protection measures and assistance; have access to services such as education and health care; can develop their personalities, abilities and talents to the fullest potential; grow up in an environment of happiness, love and understanding; and are informed about and participate in, achieving their rights in an accessible and active manner.

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, G.A. res. 34/180, 34 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 46) at 193, U.N. Doc. A/34/46, entered into force Sept. 3, 1981.

Parties: 187 states

Purpose: To eliminate discrimination against women.

Main Agreements: Condemns discrimination against women in all forms and agrees to pursue appropriate constitutional, legislative, judicial and administrative measures to eliminate such discrimination by private and public actors. State parties agree to repeal all discriminatory penal provisions and abolish other laws constituting discrimination against women. The agreement also ensures that women have equal rights to participate in the political process, to be educated, to be gainfully employed and to have access to health care among other measures. Particular attention is paid to problems faced by rural women. A committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women is established to receive state reports and to analyze progress in the implementation of the Convention. 

 

International Criminal Law

Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, G.A. res. 260 (III), U.N. Doc. A/RES/260(III) (1948) entered into force January 12, 1951.

Parties: 142 states

Purpose: To prevent and to punish the crime of genocide.

Main Agreements: States parties confirm that genocide, whether committed in time of peace or in time of war, is a crime under international law, which they undertake to prevent and to punish. Genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such: Killing members of the group; Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.

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