Resource Sharing
IntroductionRelevant Websites
This is the "Humanitarian Work" page of the "ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT & REFORM" guide.
Alternate Page for Screenreader Users
Skip to Page Navigation
Skip to Page Content


Last Updated: Feb 4, 2016 URL: Print Guide Email Alerts

Humanitarian Work Print Page

Research Papers

Horstmann, Alexander. "Humanitarian Crisis, Religious Nationalism, and Religious Competition: Buddhist and Christian Karen in the Thai–Burmese Borderland," Encounters. International Journal for the Study of Culture and Society 4 (2011): 191-213.

Summary: "The article is interested in the nexus and overlap of humanitarian ideology, Christianity and nationalism in the transitional space between Thailand and Burma. Providing case-studies of individual refugees, the article gives ethnographic sketches from the refugee camp, the countryside and humanitarian assistance to the internally displaced." [Author]


Altsean-Burma. Burma’s Facade: An Update on conflicts, Displacement & Human Rights Violations, Altsean-Burma, 2013.

Purpose: Update of the Arakan State situation from October 2012 to March 2013.

Content: "Over 115,000 predominately Rohingya IDPs remain displaced in Arakan State. Rohingya IDPs continue to endure terrible conditions in camps. Thousands of Rohingya boat people die during perilous journeys in search of safety in Southern Thailand or Malaysia." [Altsean-Burma]

The Dark Side of Transition: Violence Against Muslims in Myanmar. Brussels: International Crisis Group, 2013. 

Purpose: To discuss the history of intercommunal tensions in the country since colonial times, the situation in Rakhine State and the more recent violence in other parts of the country. 

Content: "This report analyses the violence againt Muslims in Myanmar. Among the most discriminated against populations in Myanmar is the Muslim community in northern Rakhine State, the Rohingya. In June and October 2012, clashes between Buddhists and Muslims in Rakhine State left almost 200 people dead and around 140,000 displaced, the great majority of them Muslims." [Author]

Changing Realities, Poverty and Displacement in South East Burma/Myanmar. Yangon: The Border Consortium, 2012.

Purpose: To outline the changing realities in the ongoing humanitarian crisis in South East Burma/Myanmar.

Content: "This report estimates that in total there remain at least 400,000 internally displaced persons in the rural areas of 36 townships in South East Myanmar. Approximately 37,000 formerly displaced persons attempted to either return to their villages or resettle in surrounding areas between August 2011 and July 2012. However, the sustainability of these movements remains in doubt due to ongoing concerns about physical security and livelihood opportunities."[Author]

Soubhik, Ronnie Saha. Working Through Ambiguity: International NGOs in Myanmar. Cambridge: Harvard University, 2011. 

Purpose: To Explore the operational modalities of INGOs, and examines how INGOs consider the impact, ethics, effectiveness, and accountability of their programs.

Content: This report discusses the humanitarian and development landscape and explores the questions pertaining to the operations, effectiveness, and ethical considerations of INGOs working in Myanmar.

Displacement and Poverty in South East Burma/Myanmar: 2011 Survey. Bangkok: Thailand Burma Border Consortium, 2011.

Purpose: To increase awareness about the scale of poverty and displacement in rural areas of South East Burma/Myanmar.

Content: "It remains to be seen how quickly and effectively the new government will be able to tackle poverty, but there has not yet been any relaxation of restrictions on humanitarian access into conflict-affected areas. In this context, the vast majority of foreign aid continues to be channeled into areas not affected by armed conflict such as the Irrawaddy/Ayeyarwady Delta, the Dry Zone and Rakhine State." [Author]

Khin, Ohnmar. First, What is Harm?: The Political Dilemmas of Humanitarian Aid to Burma (Myanmar). AIDS, Security, and Conflict Initiative, 2008. 

Purpose:  To outline the political dilemmas of humanitarian aid to Burma (Myanmar).

 Content: "This paper analyzes how three INGOs work within the constraints of the government system to reduce HIV/AIDS prevalence. In the heat of the debate over humanitarian aid in 1993, some fifteen INGOs entered Myanmar, and now there are over forty INGOs in the country. The variations in their operational style and principles affect the ways in which the INGOs interact with the government as well as the trade-offs they make in their program design." [Author]

APFO and CECORE, et al. Conflict-Sensitive Approaches to Development, Humanitarian Assistance and Peacebuilding: A Resource Pack. London: Conflict Sensitivity Consortium, 2004.

Purpose: To document current practice, available frameworks and lessons learned in relation to development, humanitarian assitance and peacebuilding.

Content: "This report provides an understanding of current practice, available frameworks and lessons learned in relation to conflict sensitivity. It is a broad umbrella capturing different approaches such as 'Peace and Conflict Impact Assessment' (PCIA) and 'Do No Harm', as well as less-known organic approaches developed by practitioners in the South." [Author]


Profile Image
Pyidaungsu Institute


Submit Knowledge Resources

Do you know another good resource related to the topic?

Please send us your links, articles and others knowledge resources.

Loading  Loading...