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Trade & Investment Print Page

Legal Documents

Foreign Investment Law, November 2, 2012.

Parties: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Assembly of the Union)

Purpose: Outlining the rules and regulation relating to foreign investment in Myanmar. 

Main Agreements: This law aims to provide more employment opportunities for the people as the businesses develop and expand. It also aims to  develop human resources,  infrastructures such as banking and financial business, and support economic enterprises and investment businesses in accord with international norms.

Settlement of Trade Dispute Law, March 28, 2012.

Parties: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Assembly of the Union)

Purpose: Safeguarding the rights of workers.  .

Main Agreements: This law determines how trade disputes should be settled.

Labour Organization Law, October 11, 2011.

Parties: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Assembly of the Union)

Purpose: To protect the rights of workers.

Main Agreements: This law specifies the establishment of labour organizations, registration matters, and the functions and duties of the executive committee. The law also defines the rights and responsibilities of labour organizations, as well as the duties of the employer, and other related matters.

Myanmar Special Economic Zone Law, January 27, 2011.

Parties: State Peace and Development Council

Purpose: To establish a Special Economic Zone Law in Myanmar.

Main Agreements: This law establishes Special Economic Zones to develop the industry of high technologies; to improve the goods processing, trading and service business; to enable the citizens to train, learn and transfer the high technologies; and to create more employment opportunities for the citizens. 

Dawei Special Economic Zone Law, January 27, 2011.

Parties: State Peace and Development Council

Purpose: To define the key terms of the Dawei Special Economic Zone Law.

Main Agreements: This law establishes the Dawei Special Economic Zone as pivotal place for the trade and transportation of the South East Asian region.

Highways Law, November 17, 2000.

Parties: State Peace and Development Council

Purpose: To improve communication and transportation among states and divisions. 

Main Agreements: This law outlines the main duties and powers of the Ministry of Construction, duties and powers of the public works, and the offences and penalties relating to the construction of highways.

Duties and Rights of the Central Committee for the Management of Culturable Land, Fallow Land, and Waste Land, November 13, 1991.

Parties: State Law and Order Restoration Council

Purpose: To determine the duties and rights of the Central Committee for the Management of Culturable Land, Fallow Land and Waste Land.

Main Agreements: This law constitutes a list of the duties and rights of the Central Committee for the Management of Culturable Land, Fallow Land and Waste Land, relating to matters such as giving assistance, giving out information, and controlling land and tax payment matters.

Burma Companies Act, India Act VII, 1913, April 1, 1914.  (Currently being revised)



Main Agreements:




Dale, John G. Free Burma: The Transnational Legal Action and Corporate Accountability. Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press, 2011. [Google Books]
About: The author demonstrates how social movements create and appropriate legal mechanisms for generating new transnational political opportunities. He presents three corporate accountability campaigns waged by the Free Burma movement.  [University of Minnesota Press]
Myanmar Business Guide. Singapore: Pricewaterhouse Coopers, 2012. 
About: This guide provides details on Myanmar’s economy and investment climate, including its growth prospects and recent developments regarding international sanctions against the country. It has also provided insights on Myanmar’s laws on taxation, human resources and employment as well as insights on foreign exchange, ownership of land and property, and the country’s banking system. [Publisher]

Research Papers

Aung, Zaw. "Dawei Special Economic Zone: Its Prospects and Challenges," Burma Environmental Governance and Equity, 4th International Conference on Human Rights & Human Development Critical Connections: Human Rights, Human Development and Human Security (2011).

Summary: This paper examines are whether the new government’s Dawei Special Economic Zone model could really take off the economy while this industrialization plan could maintain the livelihoods security and sustainable development of the local communities. 

Kudo, Toshihiro. "Myanmar's Economic Relations With China: Can China Support the Myanmar Economy?" IDE Discussion Paper 66 (2006).

Summary: "China is now a major supplier of consumer and capital goods to Myanmar, in particular through border trade. Nevertheless, Myanmar’s trade with China has failed to have a substantial impact on its broad-based economic and industrial development. As a conclusion, strengthened economic ties with China will be instrumental in regime survival, but will not be a powerful force affecting the process of economic development in Myanmar." [Author]

Kyaw, Aung. "Financing Small and Medium Enterprises in Myanmar," IDE Discussion Paper 148 (2008).

Summary: "This paper recommends policies for stabilizing macro economic fundamentals, improving lending infrastructures of the country and improving demand- and supply-side conditions from the small and medium enterprises financing perspective." [IDE-JETRO]

Myoe, Maung Aung. "Sino-Myanmar Economic Relations Since 1988," Asia Research Institute Working Paper 86 (2007).

Summary: "This paper examines Sino-Myanmar relations in terms of trade, investment and aid and provides detailed figures for these relations since 1998. It concludes that the growing geopolitical significance of Myanmar in Asia will further ensure China's economic engagement with Myanmar." [Asia Research Institute]
Zaw, Myino and Kudo, Toshihiro. " A Study of Economic Corridors and Industrial Zones, Ports and Metropolitan and Allternative Roads in Myanmar." BRC Research Report  6 (2011).
Summary: "This paper discusses the current situation, the possibilities of a development plan, and the advantages and disadvantages of industrial zones and transportational linkages." [Author] 


Infrastructure in Myanmar. Yangon: KPMG, 2013.

Purpose: To analyse the current and future prospects of the Myanmar infrastructure sector.

Content: This report presents an overview of the infrastructure sectors in the country. The reprot identifies for each sector relevant government ministries and agencies, recent activities, and areas that would be most attractive to incoming investors.

Rathjen, Jeremy. First Myanmar Investment Research Report. Yangon: Thura Swiss, 2013.

Purpose: To analyse the sweeping change that is occuring in Myanmar.

Content: This report addresses the new joint ventures in retail, tourism and automobiles that are expected to contribute to the economy in the upcoming years. 


The Myanmar Telecoms Tender: Strengths and Weaknesses. Yangon: Thura Swiss, 2013.

Purpose: To give readers a better understanding of the companies competing in the upcoming telecoms tender.

Content: Compiled short profiles with the relative strengths and weaknesses of each company.

Developing Disparity, Regional Investment in Burma's Borderlands. Amsterdam: Transnational Institute, 2013. 

Purpose: Analysis of  regional investments in Burma's borderlands.

Content: "This report warns that foreign investment in these resource-rich yet conflict-ridden ethnic borderlands is likely to be as important as domestic politics in shaping Burma’s future. Such investment is not conflict-neutral and has in some cases fuelled local grievances and stimulated ethnic conflict." [Author]

Investing in Myanmar. Yangon: KPMG, November 2012.

Purpose: A guide to investing in Myanmar.

Content: The content contains matters relating to setting up business in Myanmar, with in-depth examples concerning taxation matters.

Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity. Jakarta: ASEAN Secretariat, 2011.

Purpose: To outline the ASEAN Master Plan for Connectivity.

Content: "The Master Plan is both a strategic document for achieving overall ASEAN Connectivity and a plan of action for immediate implementation for the period 2011-2015 to connect ASEAN through enhanced physical infrastructure development (physical connectivity), effective institutions, mechanisms and processes (institutional connectivity) and empowered people (people-to-people connectivity)." [Publisher]

Bourne S. The ADB in Burma: Behind the Scenes. Quezon City: NGO Forum on ADB, April 2011.

Purpose: To analyse the involvement of the Asian Development Bank in Burma.

Content: Though it has not provided loans or direct technical assistance to Burma since mid-80s, the Asian Development Bank has played a major role in facilitating and  mobilizing private sector investment in Burma through the Greater Mekong Subregion economic cooperation program. 


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