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DECENTRALIZATION   Tags: decentralization  

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Economic Decentralization Print Page
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Introduction

 

Policy Papers & Briefs

Summary:
 

Books

Leigh, Nancey G. and Edward J.Blakely. Planning Local Economic Development: Theory and Practice. SAGE Publications, 2013. [Google Books]

About: Planning Local Economic Development addresses the dilemma that local governments and community groups face in their endeavour to improve the local economic base and increase the community's control over its own economic destiny. The author describes the theories of economic development and provides the first complete analysis of development at the local level, offering suggestions of how local leaders can improve the economic and employment base of their locale.

Blair, John P. and  Michael Charles Carroll. Local Economic Development: Analysis, Practices, and Globalization. SAGE Publications, 2008. [Google Books]

About: Blending knowledge from a variety of disciplines with a strong analytical approach, the author presents an accessible and jargon-free text offering extensive coverage of economic concepts and the new market forces at work today in local economic development. Topics addressed include: regional growth and development; land use; metropolitan government and finance; housing; economic development strategies; and neighborhood development.

Koven, Steven and Thomas Lyons, Economic Development: Strategies for State and Local Practice, International City/County Management Association, 2010.

About: reflects the enormous changes currently taking place in the local economy and the challenges facing economic development managers. It analyzes a variety of development techniques and demonstrates the consequences of various development strategies through real-world case studies, better equipping you to assess the environment and make good choices.Included is a totally new comprehensive chapter on the planning process, providing sample plans and strategies for ensuring maximum citizen involvement and buy-in.


Anglin, Roland V. Promoting Sustainable Local and Community Economic Development. ASPA Series in Public Administration and Public Policy, 2010. [Amazon]

About: Chronicling the struggle of local revitalization as organizers move from trial and error to effective revitalization strategies, this book documents the current transformation in community revitalization from market-based incentives to mixed strategies of public sector learning, partnerships, and community capacity. 

 

Research Papers

Bardhan, Pranab. "Decentralised Development," Indian Economic Review 31 (1996):139-156, [Jstor]
Summary: In this paper we start with an evaluation of the various advantages and disadvantages of decentralisation (in the sense of devolution of power to local agencies and communities), and also of the conditions that predispose towards success or failure in beneficial decentralised development. In particular we have focussed on the argument that in governance structures control rights should be assigned to people who have the requisite information and incentives, and at the same time will bear responsibility for the (political and economic) consequences of their decisions. We try to provide a balanced assessment of the efficiency and equity effects of such assignments of control rights and how they operate differently under different initial conditions.
Brandta, Loren, and Xiaodong Zhu. "Redistribution in a Decentralized Economy: Growth and Inflation in China under Reform," Journal of Political Economy 108 (2000): 422-439. [Jstor]
Summary: Despite expanding at an annual rate of nearly 9 percent, China's economy has exhibited a marked cyclical pattern: Periods of rapid growth, accompanied by accelerating inflation, are followed by contractions during which both growth and inflation fall. A widening gap also emerged between the output contribution of the state sector and its share of investment and employment. In this paper, we offer a consistent explanation for this behavior that reflects several key institutional features of China's economic reform: (i) economic decentralization, (ii) the government's commitment to the state sector, and (iii) the credit plan and credit control.
Özcan, Gül Berna. "Local Economic Development, Decentralisation and Consensus Building in Turkey," Progress in Planning 54 (2000): 199–278. [ScienceDirect]
Summary: This study explores the prospects of decentralisation and consensus building within the context of local economic development in Turkey. The broad theoretical concern of this research is the tension between the centre and periphery in the governance structure of Turkey. Over 80 interviews from three rapidly growing medium-sized cities, Denizli, Gaziantep and Kayseri, indicate that considerable decentralisation in recent decades has enabled municipalities and local groups to formulate and realise local projects. However, detailed case studies from Kayseri illustrate both the importance of kinship and social ties in forming alliances and identifying priorities in local politics. Charismatic individuals play a crucial role in initiating and driving local project
Patnaik, Prabhat. "Alternative Paradigms of Economic Decentralisation," Social Scientist 29 (2001): 48-59.
Summary: The issue of centralised versus decentralised economic regimes has been traditionallydiscussed in the context of a world of production units.And in this discussion progressive opinion has generally opposed unfettered decentralisation, that is, an economic regime where individual production units have autonomy in decision-making and supposedly maximise someobjective function within amarket environment.
Rodriguez-Posea, Andrés, John Tomaneyb and Jeroen Klinkc. "Local Empowerment Through Economic Restructuring in Brazil: The Case of the Greater ABC Region," Geoforum 32 (2001): 459–469. [ScienceDirect]
Summary: Regional and local capacity building in Brazil, as in other Latin American countries, has traditionally been linked with democracy. Whereas periods of dictatorship usually saw the establishment of a tight grip by the centre over state and local governments, democracy has been linked to greater autonomy at the regional and local levels. The revival of regional and local governments in Brazil over the last decade and a half seems to fall into this latter category.
Steiner, S. "Decentralisation and Poverty Reduction: A Conceptual Framework for the Economic Impact," German Overseas Institute Working Paper 3 (2005).
Summary:This paper contributes to providing insights into the impact of decentralisation on poverty. It starts out with an over view of which role decentralisation plays in strategies and policies for poverty eradication and derives economic and political impact channels. It concentrates on the economic channel, the reasoning of which is rooted in fiscal federalism theory. It shows that decentralisation cannot only influence poverty by assigning expendi-ture responsibility to lower levels of government but also by assigning tax-raising power, which has so far been neglected by the literature. The paper concludes by pointing out a number of possible risks for realising the poverty-reducing potential of decentralisation.
 

Media

Decentralization and Development: Making Local Governance Deliver. Boston: Frederick S. Pardee Center for the Study of the Longer-Range Future, 2010. 
About: This seminar is part of the the Frederick S. Pardee Center for the Study of the Longer-Range Future ongoing seminar series. The panelists included John Gerring, a College of Arts & Sciences professor of political science and a Pardee Center faculty fellow, Dilip Mookherjee, a CAS professor of economics and director of the Institute for Economic Development, and Ghazia Aslam, of the World Banks Social Development Department and a doctoral candidate at the School of Public Policy at George Mason University. 

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